Nobel Prize in Physics Goes to Digital Camera Inventors

This year’s Nobel Prize in Physics went to the inventors of the technology behind digital cameras. Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith of Bell Laboratories were awarded the prize for their invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit – the CCD sensor. Actually, the Nobel prize was shared with the Charles K. Kao who was behind another technology breakthrough, fiber optics, but it is still a significant announcement.

The Nobel press release includes the following details:

In 1969 Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith invented the first successful imaging technology using a digital sensor, a CCD (Charge-Coupled Device). The CCD technology makes use of the photoelectric effect, as theorized by Albert Einstein and for which he was awarded the 1921 year’s Nobel Prize. By this effect, light is transformed into electric signals. The challenge when designing an image sensor was to gather and read out the signals in a large number of image points, pixels, in a short time.

The CCD is the digital camera’s electronic eye. It revolutionized photography, as light could now be captured electronically instead of on film. The digital form facilitates the processing and distribution of these images. CCD technology is also used in many medical applications, e.g. imaging the inside of the human body, both for diagnostics and for microsurgery.

Digital photography has become an irreplaceable tool in many fields of research. The CCD has provided new possibilities to visualize the previously unseen. It has given us crystal clear images of distant places in our universe as well as the depths of the oceans.

About Mark Mizen

I have over twenty years professional experience in all aspects of photography and digital imaging. I am Chair of the ISO WG5 TG2 committee responsible for physical properties and durability of imaging material and am currently with HID Global working on systems for security printing for IDs, licenses, and credit cards. Previously, I was Director of Digital Development at Creative Memories from 2009 to 2012 and was responsible for the Creative Memories digital products and services. I also established and directed the Creative Memories Technology Center, which evaluated new products prior to product introduction, assisted with production difficulties, and provided technical information to support product sales.
This entry was posted in Cameras, Digital Photos, TypePad. Bookmark the permalink.

1 Response to Nobel Prize in Physics Goes to Digital Camera Inventors

  1. Pingback: Innovation Award Goes to First Digital Camera Developer | All About Images Blog

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